• 1976

    First Cowichan Tribes social worker dedicated to child welfare.

  • 1980s

    Discussions with Federal Government begin to transition child welfare responsibility to Cowichan Tribes.

  • 1991

    Cowichan Chief and Council pass a resolution affirming our community’s desire to lead our own child and family wellness services. Extensive work begins shortly afterwards to lay the groundwork for creating our own child welfare law, which will focus on protection, prevention and culture.

  • 1993

    Cowichan Tribes and BC sign agreement to begin transfer of child welfare services. Khowutzun Child and Family Services (now Lalum’utul’ Smun’eem) opens its doors.

  • 1995

    Cowichan Tribes assumes responsibility for foster homes and for provision of guardian services.

  • 1996

    Cowichan Tribes assumes full delegated authority over child and family wellness.

  • 2006

    Cowichan community wants adoption work to shift and begin following Cowichan protocols and traditions.

  • 2008

    After several community consultations and policy changes, Lalum’utul Smun’eem Child & Family Services holds its first adoption ceremony in accordance with Cowichan protocols and traditions.

  • 2010

    A proposal submitted by Lalum’utul Smun’eem Child & Family Services was accepted by the BC Government. Work begins to develop Cowichan legislation for child and family services.

  • 2012

    Extensive community engagement sessions held with approximately 1500 band members

  • 2016

    The Cowichan Family Law Justice Project was created as an interim measure to work towards improving Cowichan families’ experiences with the family law justice system and ensure that Cowichan laws and legal processes are part of that experience.

  • 2018

    Cowichan Tribes begins providing prevention services for the community. Cowichan Tribes Child and Family Justice Pilot Project funded by Law Foundation of BC.

  • Jan 2019

    A letter of understanding is signed between the Federal Government, BC and Cowichan Tribes on their commitment to Cowichan Tribes Nation exercising its jurisdiction over child and family wellness.

  • Mar 2019

    Presentation to Community on Child and Family Jurisdiction At Ramada and Facebook Live

  • Jan 2020

    Bill C-92: An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families receives Royal Assent

  • Feb 2020

    Engagement with community members including Elders, judges, province, lawyers from parents legal centre on C-92.

  • Oct 2020

    Cowichan Tribes Chief and Council formally give notice to the federal government of our intent to exercise jurisdiction over children and family services and develop our own law.

  • 2021

    Chief and Council established a dedicated team for the Cowichan Tribes Child and Family Wellness Project and five sub-committees with membership consisting of Elder, community, youth and technical experts. Sub-committees and community working groups continue to meet regularly to advance this work.

  • 2021 - 2024

    Tri-partite negotiation table focuses on developing coordination agreement, law and service delivery model

  • 2021 - 2023

    The Child and Family Wellness Project Team conducts 20+ community engagement sessions, featuring two off-reserve events and live-streamed sessions, sharing information about our Law and gathering input from citizens.

  • Spring 2024

    Sign coordination agreement to reclaim jurisdiction or defer if more time is needed.

  • 2024 - 2026

    Signing of coordination agreement and transfer of jurisdiction; staged implementation of our Law.